Asia

US must stand up to China if Biden wins, focus less on trade, Krugman says

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BRASILIA: Democratic candidate Joe Biden should maintain a tough stance against China if he wins the US presidential election, but focus more on industrial policy than trade tariffs, according to Nobel-prize winning economist Paul Krugman.

A fiery critic of the Trump administration who writes a column for the New York Times, Krugman said the dispute over Chinese technology giant Huawei, whose US operations have been severely curtailed by Washington, will remain a bone of contention between the two powers no matter who wins the White House.

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"The US-China situation is complicated. On the one hand, the US has genuine complaints; on the other, there is very little support for Trump's trade war," Krugman said in an emailed interview with Reuters.

"So what Biden should probably do is continue to face up to China, but in a different way. Focus more on industrial policy and bring other countries on board to join the effort," he said.

If Donald Trump is re-elected, the relationship between the two countries will be "very bad," Krugman said.

The Trump administration imposed staggered tariffs on more than US$370 billion in Chinese goods in 2018 and 2019, arguing China was stealing intellectual property and forcing US companies to transfer technology for access to China's markets.

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China imposed its own retaliatory tariffs.

On the US economy, Krugman said the biggest challenges in addition to the near-term uncertainty fuelled by the COVID-19 pandemic are structural changes in the demand for labour, and secular stagnation.

US President Donald Trump talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping as Xi arrives for dinner at the start of their summit at Trumps Mar-a-Lago estate in West Palm Beach, Florida, on Apr 6, 2017. (Photo: REUTERS/Carlos Barria)

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