Asia

Commentary: Wuhan virus sparks questions over local Chinese officials’ disclosure of information

SYDNEY: It is too early to make a definitive judgement about how Beijing has handled the outbreak of the potentially deadly coronavirus in Wuhan, a city of 11 million in central China.

But it is already clear that any assessment will have to take into account not just the medical side of the viruss spread.

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Just as important in a public health crisis is how the authorities manage the disclosure of the information about the virus within the government, and to the public.

So far, the handling of the crisis seems to have underlined one of the ongoing problems with the party-state, which places a premium on the control of information in the name of maintaining stability.

LITTLE INCENTIVE TO REPORT

In such a system, lower-level officials have no incentive to report problems until Beijing allows them to do so. Under the rule of Xi Jinping, such restrictions have only grown tighter.

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The difficulties of managing a public health crisis have been accentuated by this ones timing – on the eve of Lunar New Year, when literally millions of people would have been coming from Wuhan, a transport hub.

Any official shutting down Wuhan would also have been shutting down the new year, a time when millions of Chinese get to reunite and celebrate as a family.

READ: Commentary: Why is Chinese New Year so stress inducing?

READ: Wuhan virus: Number of cases in China tops 800, death toll hits 25

Passengers are screened with thermal scanners at Hankou railway station in Wuhan, China. (AFP Photo)

THE MEMORY OF SARS

Beijing has already had a test run in how not to handle a crisis of this kind, when the flu-like SARs (severe acute respiratory syndrome) began spreading in late 2002.

China initially delayed responding to requests for more information from the World Health Organization when the virus first appeared in southern China in November 2002.

It wasnt until February 2003 that Beijing told the WHO. As late as April, Beijing was still suppressing the numbers of people who were infected. It took a courageous doctor at the military hospital in Beijing, who informed the foreign media about the true count of patients, to force Beijing to deal with the issue openly.

As a result, the epidemic took longer to control, it spread further, both in China and overseas, and more people died.

There was one other lesson for the whistle-blowers. No one thanked them later. Just because they did good, they did not do well.

MORE: Our coverage of the Wuhan virus and its developments

HITS AND MISSES

Fast forward to 2020, and it is instructive to look at what has, and hasnt, changed.

From all the reports coming out of China, albeit in a haphazard fashion, the medical and public health staff has performed with the skill that you would expect from highly skilled professionals.

They isolated and identified the virus quickly.

Children wear masks to prevent an outbreak of a new coronavirus at the Hong Kong West Kowloon High Speed Train Station, in Hong Kong, China January 23, 2020. (Photo: REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)

READ: Commentary: Wuhan virus compounds challenges facing China

But from that point onwards, the early signs are that the SARS syndrome has been at play again.

In early January, eight people in Wuhan were detained for “spreading rumours” about the virus. The official police report said they had been spreading “fake news” which had harmed social stability.

DOWNPLAYING SEVERITY

Various officials in Wuhan continued to downplay the spread of the virus in the opening weeks of the year.

As late as Tuesday evening, the Hubei provincial party secretary and governor hosted a lavish Lunar New Year event, despite reports that many of the performers were ill.

But by then, the issue could no longer be contained. With infections and deaths rising, the authoritiRead More – Source

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