MELBOURNE: We know walking more and increasing our levels of exercise are good for our health.
But how can we walk more in our busy lives?
Our research shows people walk more if the citys design provides them with places to walk to near where they live, work or study.
The research also shows people walk even more if they live in a place that has good public transport and plenty of jobs or employment opportunities they can easily access.
WHAT GETS US WALKING
Our study examined walking behaviours in nearly 5,000 adult commuters in Melbourne, drawn from the Victorian Integrated Survey of Travel and Activity from 2012 to 2014.
We looked at what level of access they had for destinations to walk to, typically within about 800m, close to their home, work or study place. This could be local cafes, shops, supermarkets, libraries and other services, often referred to as local accessibility.
The amount walked on an average day by those with good local accessibility at home or near where they worked or studied was around 12 minutes. Those with limited access to local facilities walked only seven minutes.
People with good local accessibility near their homes walked five minutes more per day than those with poor local accessibility. People with good local accessibility near where they worked or studied walked nine minutes more.
But to get our activity to the next level we needed to look beyond what was locally accessible to people.
We looked at peoples relative commuting time by public transport compared with driving, the accessibility of public transport services from where they lived, worked or studied, and the number of jobs within 30 minutes of their homes by public transport. These are sometimes referred to as measures of regional accessibility.
We found that the greater access people had to resources and public transport regionally, the more they walked.
For example, after accounting for local accessibility, people living in places with a higher number of jobs available within a 30-minute public transport journey walked just over four minutes more on average than people in areas with very low job availability.
People living in places where taking public transport was more efficient timewise than driving, walked more than seven minutes extra a day compared with people with low levels of public transport.
A LITTLE EXTRA HELP
Our study also looked at the combination of local and regional accessibility to see if that encouraged people to walk even more.
We found that good local accessibility and regional accessibility combined were associated with greater walking benefits, compared to having just one or the other alone.
This combination of factors supported people to do around ten minutes more (give or take depending on the measures used) of walking on average per day.
We know people who travel by public transport are likely to walk more than those who travel by car.
Public transport effectively separates people from their own vehicle, be it at home or a park-and-ride stop. Public transport delivers them as pedestrians close to their destination, which in turn promotes walking throughout the day.
If people walk more in their residential environment (say to the shops, library, or post office), take public transport to their workplace or place of study and then walk mRead More – Source